Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. We have provided a useful articles or essay on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. You can choose any one composition according to your requirement.
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Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru- (100 words)
Jawaharlal Nehru was born into a good family. He was born on 14 November 1889. His father Motilal Nehru was a famous advocate of Allahabad. At the age of 15th, he went to England for higher education.He studied at Cambridge University and returned to India.He was impressed with Mahatma Gandhi, under his leadership he started working. When India became independent in 1947, He was made the Prime Minister of India.They had a special love for children. The children used to call them affectionately called 'chacha,' even today Jawaharlal Nehru Birthday is celebrated as Children's Day.This great person died on May 27, 1964. He was an active supporter of world peace.We always remember him with great pride.
Essay on Jawaharlal Nehru- (200 words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad on 14th November 1889. He was the only son of Pandit Motilal Nehru, a famous advocate, and a great national leader. Jawaharlal was sent to England for his studies at an early age. He returned from England after becoming a barrister. But he never went into Politics. He began to take part in the national movement for making India, independent. He became the follower of Mahatma Gandhi and went to jail again and again. He was married to Kamla Devi at Delhi and had a daughter Indira, who is our ex-Prime Minister, Smt. Indira Gandhi.Jawaharlal became one of the great national leaders of India and the world. When India became at last free in 1947, he becomes her first Prime Minister. He worked day and night for seventeen years for the uplift of India and to bring about peace in the World. He died in Delhi on 25th May 1964. Besides being a great national leader, he was also a great writer. His books like 'Discovery of India' and Letters from a Father to his Daughter' have been translated into many languages and are read with interest all over the World. He was also very popular among children. He was known as 'Chacha Nehru.' His birthday is observed as ‘Children's Day', in India.
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On August 15, 1947, India finally gained its independence and Nehru became the nation’s first prime minister. Amid the celebration of newly acquired freedom, there was also considerable turmoil. The mass displacement that followed partition into the separate nations of Pakistan and India, along with disputes over control of Kashmir, resulted in the loss of property and lives for several hundred thousand Muslims and Hindus.
Throughout his 17-year leadership, Nehru advocated democratic socialism and secularism and encouraged India’s industrialization beginning with the implementation of the first of his five-year plans in 1951, which emphasized the importance of increasing agricultural production. He also promoted scientific and technological advancements through the establishment of higher learning, and instituted various social reforms such as free public education and meals for Indian children, legal rights for women—including the ability to inherit property and divorce their husbands—and laws to prohibit discrimination based on caste.
During the Cold War, Nehru adopted a policy of non-alignment in which he professed neutrality, but was criticized when he refused to condemn the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 and later requested foreign aid after China invaded India’s northern border in 1962. The conflict, known as the Sino-Indian War, had a deleterious effect on Nehru’s health, resulting in a severe stroke in January of 1964 and his death a few months later on May 27.